Bipolar Disorder

Minggu lepas, saya di tanya mengenai penyakit manic depression atau nama lain nya – bipolar disorder.

Ini lah dia, bipolar. Akan tetapi penyakit ini secara amnya ada dua yang sering diperkatakan, bipolar type 1 dan type 2. Type 1 adalah seperti infografik ini, ada waktu murung dan ada waktu tersangat happy. Bagi type 2, murung berlaku selalu tetapi waktu tersangat Happy tak ada. Yang ada, adalah waktu happy yang kecil dan tidak berpanjangan, kita namakannya hypo mania 😅

Untuk yang mempelajari isu bipolar ini diperingkat ijazah tinggi, mengikut kajian ada satu lagi kenos bipolar yang dinamakan mixed phase dan rapid cycling. Mengikut Akiskal, pengkaji terkenal bipolar dari Turki, beliau mengatakan ada berbagai variant bipolar ini 😳

Saya rasa yang penting adalah, walaupun sering diperkatakan, bipolar ini cuma dihidapi lebih kurang 1% rakyat. Yup cuma 1%. Rawatan nya ada di Malaysia. Pesakit memerlukan ubatan yang di panggil mood stabiliser. Kalau dirawat awal, keadaan mereka ini terkawal sangat dan mereka dapat berfungsi dengan sangat baik. Kalau dah tak sihat, biasanya kita akan jumpa mereka pertama kali di A&E memerlukan rawatan rapi dan mungkin terpaksa di jemput tidur di wad. Bila dirawat, insyallah cepat sembuh.

Pesakit bipolar penting dirawat awal oleh kerana simptom mania boleh menjerat diri sendiri. Risiko pengambilan dadah ataupun penglibatan diri dalam situasi tidak baik boleh berlaku. Mereka juga kadangkala di ambil kesempatan di atas.

Ramai orang terkenal sering dikaitkan dengan penyakit ini, antaranya Britney Spears dan Churchill. Maknanya, ramai pesakit ini boleh berjaya pada tahap tinggi. Ramai juga pesakit saya yang bergelar bipolar juga masih bekerja sebagai ahli perniagaan terkenal ataupun pangkat tinggi di syarikat2 di Malaysia. Bipolar yang telah dirawat bukan penghalang. Ada yang dapat berjaya tetapi rahsianya adalah perlu mendapat rawatan, makan ubat tanpa tinggal dan sering memperbaiki diri. Tiada jalan pintas. Usaha masih diperlukan.

Kalau kawan atau keluarga mungkin menghidapi penyakit ini. Datang lah berjumpa dengan kami 😊

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BFM Psychiatry Series: Call Befrienders For FREE

Assoc Prof Dr Amer Siddiq bin Amer Nordin, Consultant Psychiatrist, University Malaya Medical Centre | Kenny Lim, Executive Director, Befrienders KL | Dr Kartini Abdul Jabar, Outreach Director, Befrienders KL
01-Aug-19 16:00

From today, you can call Befrienders KL for free whenever you need emotional support. The Malaysian Communications and Multimedia Commission (MCMC) has joined forces with eight telcos to waive call charges to the Befrienders’ helpline. We look at how Befrienders’ services help people with mental and emotional issues, what challenges they face in providing this free service, and what’s next on the national agenda to strengthen mental health services.

If you need emotional support, you can call Befrienders at 03-79568145/8144 or email sam@befrienders.org.my

Original article at: https://www.bfm.my/podcast/the-bigger-picture/health-and-living/psychiatry-series-call-befrienders-for-free

Subang Jaya-based SJ Care Warriors train community to address mental health issues

Original article on The Malay Mail, 23rd May 2019 by Milad Hassandarvish

KUALA LUMPUR, May 23 — Recognising the severity of mental health issues in Malaysia, a team of medical and non-medical volunteers have joined hands to kick off a mental wellness initiative called SJ Care Warriors.

Initiated by Subang Jaya assemblywoman Michelle Ng, the movement is aimed at addressing the issues of mental illness from a community-based wellness approach focusing on resilience-building.

Although it starts in Subang Jaya, they hope to expand the initiative nationwide.         

It also has a strong message for Malaysians from all walks of life: “Do not suffer in silence.”

According to Ng, there are too many incidences of suicide and people living with depression.

“There is a need to build resilience, a resilient community,” she added in a press release.

Ng also recalled visiting a family at a funeral of their child who took her life and what struck her the most was when one of the parents said she wished she knew what to do.

It was then that Ng realised that mental health, wellness and stress management is a knowledge that could be learnt.

The World Health Organisation has estimated that approximately 800,000 people die by suicide each year.

Simply put, that’s one death every 40 seconds.

In Malaysia, police statistics show that there were more than 500 causes of people committing suicide or attempting suicide every year between 2014 and 2018.

Based on the most recent National Health and Morbidity Survey 2017 on mental health among youths in the age group of 13-17 nationwide, 20 per cent of adolescents felt depressed, while 10 per cent had suicidal ideation and 7 per cent had actually attempted suicide.

Battling mental health issues head-on

SJ Care Warriors was launched earlier this year in March, and is now gaining steam with its focus on empowering the community to help themselves and others.

Their programme is a two-pronged approach with gatekeeper training on suicide prevention by a team of clinical psychologists and psychiatrists.

There’s also a team of experts with psychology and counselling background whose role is to provide a bridge to tackle the issues of mental health.

This begins from a wellness-oriented approach to building resilience at the community level and amongst the youth in general.

“This is not just a suicide prevention task force, but also an initiative to empower youths to build resilience by maintaining a healthy mental state,” said Ng.

“The wisdom to know that it is okay to be sad, what can they do when faced with adversity, stress and rejection without hurting themselves.”

Designed by psychologists and backed by universities, the Building Resilience Programme will see volunteer psychologists training counsellors and youth volunteers.

By learning to better manage their mental state of well-being, the youths will be able to empower and impart skills such as creativity in problem-solving; demonstrate empathy, compassion and kindness; and help navigate those in need to the relevant places and avenues where accessible and accurate help is provided accordingly.

All youths who have fully completed the two-day programme will be given a certificate of attendance and a collar pin.

Additionally, the gatekeeper training will help to train community leaders to identify warning signs of suicide.

Where to seek help

According to University Malaya Medical Centre (UMMC) consultant psychiatrist Dr Amer Siddiq Amer Nordin, there are many places that people with mental health disorders can go to in order to seek help.

Among the places are Health Ministry’s Klinik Kesihatan or Family Medicine Specialist Clinic which provide a referral letter to seek help at the government hospital’s psychiatric clinic.

Alternatively, patients may go to UMMC’s psychiatric clinic which accepts walk-ins on Monday to Friday at between 8am and 10am.

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BFM Psychiatry Series: Suicide and the Media

This is my recent interview on BFM.my radio about suicide and the role of the media in portraying the issues surrounding that.

From BFM: How suicide is reported or portrayed in the media has a huge impact on people who are watching or reading it. Assoc Prof Dr Amer Siddiq bin Amer Nordin, Consultant Psychiatrist from University Malaya Medical Centre, discusses the responsibility of the media to portray suicide in a sensitive manner.

If you are struggling with depression, suicidal thoughts or if you simply need to talk to someone, call The Befrienders KL at 03-7956 8144/8145 or e-mail sam@befrienders.org.my. It’s free and confidential.

BFM.my

Listen to it here: https://www.bfm.my/hl-suicide-and-media

Produced by: Kelly Anissa
Presented by: Tee Shiao Eek